Soft and hard combination, global innovation and sharp turn?

Abstract One day after a few years, when people look back at the first few months of 2016, they will still talk about it. The gravitational wave predicted in "Relativity" was detected, and the virtual reality industry rose. "Alpha Go" 4:1 victory over the first-class player Li Shishi, the US space exploration technology...
One day a few years later, when people look back at the first few months of 2016, they will still talk about it. The gravitational wave predicted in "Relativity" was detected, and the virtual reality industry was booming. "Alpha Go" was a 4:1 victory over the first-class player Li Shishi. The rocket recovery at the US Space Exploration Technology Corporation was successful... one after another. The big events of science and technology are dazzling.
This series of events that may lead mankind to the future will focus on “outbreaks”, and let people feel a new wave of technology and innovation. A closer look at this new technology boom will reveal some characteristics that are different from the Internet technology revolution.
US innovation tends to be "hard"?
Want to understand the innovation of the United States, not only to see the government report, but also to look at the KIVA handling robots everywhere in the Amazon shipping warehouse, to see the future "black technology" in Google X Lab, go and see How does Mask “burn money” to engage in private aerospace and electric vehicles, but VCs have no regrets...
Take Google as an example. It is the most representative innovation company in the United States. The projects explored by Google X Lab include contact lenses that can monitor blood sugar, Wing drones, driverless cars and Google glasses, and how to extend human life. Research, light exoskeleton, and cancer research. People have to ask, is this still an Internet company? Many of Google’s strategic studies have removed the traces of “softness”. Many of them have not been associated with the Internet, but they have many overlaps with the future innovation of the US government. Is this coincidence?
During the two term of office, US President Barack Obama issued a national innovation strategy report three times, and adjusted the scientific research layout from a strategic height. In seven years, the Obama administration has pushed forward the development of nine research fields: advanced manufacturing, precision medicine, brain science programs, advanced cars, smart cities, clean energy and energy-saving technologies, educational technology, space exploration, and cutting-edge computing technologies. From this we can see that the United States hopes to reinvigorate the manufacturing industry and maintain the strong intention of the number one technology power.
Responding to the layout of the government, American innovative companies are also distributed in the fields of new energy, super materials, intelligent robots, aerospace, new vehicles, virtual reality, precision medicine, synthetic biology, smart cities, etc. It integrates R&D and manufacturing, and some of them may become the New World Top 500 in the next 10 years.
Global "Internet +"?
Li Shishi and "Alpha Go" played a negative game, so that people around the world have seen the amazing degree of development of artificial intelligence.
        In fact, the technology applied by "Alpha Go" has been applied to software and hardware fields including image recognition, text translation, audio text processing, face recognition, reinforcement learning, and robotics. The level of artificial intelligence development reflects the transformation of the direction of innovation and technology development in Europe and the United States. A prominent feature is the combination of soft and hard.
In recent years, unmanned vehicles, robots, identification instruments, etc. have developed rapidly. European and American companies have undergone an unprecedented transformation, from the "soft" field of the Internet to the "soft and hard combination", thus opening up new horizons. No matter Microsoft, Facebook, Google, Amazon, etc., it is impossible. No one wants to be limited to the Internet, they are using their brains to start their own "Internet +".
This phenomenon is more obvious in the automotive industry. Every January, the United States hosts two world-class exhibitions: the Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show and the Detroit Auto Show. But in recent years, more and more car dealers have appeared in the Consumer Electronics Show, and the auto giant's products are indispensable at the auto show. The industry believes that this is actually a signal that the automotive industry is at the critical point of major innovation breakthroughs, and Detroit and Silicon Valley are accelerating integration.
Like today's smartphones, calls are just some of the features of mobile phones, and future smart cars, transportation will be just one of them. If other companies can take the lead in innovation, they may not be the future car giants.
From a macro perspective, the kinetic energy provided by the last round of science and technology and industrial revolution is coming to an end, the potential of the traditional economic system and development model tends to fade, and the Internet has gradually become an infrastructure. All major countries in the world are in urgent need of finding new breakthroughs in innovation, which is an important reason for the emergence of new trends in innovation and development.
A new wave of innovation has been formed?
A crisis, awakening, a wave. In the years after the global international financial crisis, the field of technological innovation that seems to be silent has long been ready to go. In addition to the eagerness of the enterprise, all major countries are not far behind.
From Germany's "Industry 4.0" to the re-industrialization of the United States to Japan's "smart industry", these high-end manufacturing countries have developed a "re-industrialization" strategy, and China has also launched "Made in China 2025". Plan and put forward the strategy of docking with the "Industry 4.0" strategy.
The smart factory designed by “Industry 4.0” will realize networked production, adopt a more digital predictive manufacturing model, and a more humanized service-oriented manufacturing model. This concept is also a type of "soft and hard combination" that coincides with what the US government and companies do. What's more, the “super-smart society” and “smart industry” proposed by Japan are also aimed at merging cyberspace with real space by maximizing the use of information and communication technologies. This is also a combination of soft and hard. These coincidences are not accidental, just a common trend.
        In fact, the re-industrialization of Western countries, coupled with the transfer of low-end industries by emerging economies, puts China under double pressure. China has long understood that the status quo of the low-end link in the international division of labor value chain, concentrated in labor-intensive and resource-intensive industries, has caused itself to pay a high resource and environmental cost in foreign economic cooperation.
        Therefore, it is China's best choice to speed up the level of opening up and cooperation and extend to the innovation sector. In addition to the active activities of Chinese enterprises in the field of innovation, China's "13th Five-Year Plan" and "Made in China 2025" focus on the strategic goals of innovation and manufacturing in aerospace, new energy vehicles, electronic information, nuclear energy and many other fields. Clear planning has been made from mechanism to capacity building.

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